Films I will be Picking:
- Financial Determinant – How much money was available for the film. Who funded it? When did they fund it? What did they want in return?
- Culture and Politics of the country where they are produced – This can change the content of the film. Culture = the behaviors, beliefs and characteristics of a particular social, ethnic or age group. Politics = The science of governing people/practice or profession of conducting political affairs.
- Technologies of Production – Equipment is now cheaper, Film making equipment is accessible to more people, more people can now make films. Software is also more accessible.
- Distribution and Exhibition – How these films where distributed and exhibited to the audience. Distribution is a collaborative process. Cinematic Release, Internet Release etc… Exhibition of film = Where is it show?
- Trends in the industry – If something is trending, it is popular. Trends right now – Female Group Comedy. What trends are prevalent in the industry at the time? Did that influence the two films your are looking at? Were sequels popular at the time? Was a particular genre popular? Was a star particularly popular at the time?
- Genre’s – Genre’s at the time of production; Super Hero films, 3D action, Apocalypse films, Ensemble Comedies. What films were popular when the films were made? What genre’s are studio’s trying to push? Why are those genre’s
- Stars Power and Representation – Over the years what used to be a star has changed. What sort of power to those stars have? Are they the major selling points of these films? In the 40’s and 50’s many stars were tied to long contracts with studios. What do the stars represent to their audience? Did they reflect their time? What do they tell you about the time the film was made? A leading star such as Will Smith represents a changing America.
- Social Issues at the time of Production – Do your films deal with any of the social issues taking place at the time of their production?
- Regulatory issues eg BBFC – Regulation and censorship at the time. Have the laws changed?
- Synergies between films – Sequels, Prequels, Reboots, Re-makes, Adaptations, Spinoffs etc… Has there been a change between the decades you are looking at? Is there now more synergy. Why do you think there is a growing trend for synergy.
- Nature/Structure of the industry which produced the film –
In the practice of Hollywood and other forms of industrial cinema, the phases of production, distribution and exhibition operate most effectively when ‘vertically intergrated’.
This is when the three stages are seen as part of the same process under one company.
Classic Hollywood was lead by the full integrated Big Five Studios MGM Warner Brother 202 Century FOX Paramount Pictures and RKO.
Vertical Integration (also know as common ownership) has been a main focus of policy makers because of the possibility of anti-competitive behaviors. Laws are put into place to make things fairer for producers outside of big studios.Films and studios that are not vertically integrated are called horizontally integrated.
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